The Asian of Reason proposes that government create a Ministry of Birth:
The proper solution to dysgenic patterns of demographic change is more government, not less. My solution will be highly offensive to liberals because they believe in equality, to Christian conservatives because they hate abortion, and to libertarian conservatives who think that liberty is important. It is, nonetheless, necessary for the prevention of the destruction of the great American society.
I propose a new government bureaucracy be formed to regulate demographic change in the US. Let’s call it the Ministry of Birth. The job of the MOB will be primarily to assess the situation of couples or individuals wishing to give birth and to grant the privilege of childbirth to those who they deem capable of family formation. All births will be regulated by the MOB. Enforcement of laws would be executed by the "birth police". Unlike the one-child policy of China, this proposal would be more flexible, allowing for people to have anywhere from 0 to infinity children. Any unapproved pregnancies would be summarily terminated. Unapproved births would result in harsh penalties for the parents responsible. The illegitimate child will become a ward of the state.
As you may know, my first child is due in about 7 weeks. It’s been very strange to see how little regulation of the child-birth process there is – having a child requires much less government registration than buying a car, for example. It is odd that given how many things are regulated in our society, you’re basically free to have as many children as you want.
I’m not sure that AOR’s proposal is as un-libertarian as he thinks it is. After all, children born to those that currently take large amounts of government assistance are in turn very likely to take large amounts of government assistance. If one believes that forced redistribution of wealth from productive citizens to unproductive citizens is a violation of the rights of the former, then eliminating or reducing that violation would enhance liberty. On the other hand, restricting child-birthing rights would reduce liberty. Who is to say how the scale of liberty balances?
I’m sure lots of libertarians will have strong views, but I certainly don’t know. The calculation gets even more complicated when you realize how many of our laws and regulations are only on the books because of people with low IQs. For example, people with high IQs don’t loiter. The boon to freedom that might result from restricting childbirth could be huge.